When did Christianity start in Korea?
Korean Christianity began growing from seeds planted by Catholic converts in the 1780s, who learned about Christianity in China during tribute missions to the court in Beijing and returned home with religious texts and started meeting secretly.
Who brought Christianity to South Korea?
Catholicism was first introduced in the 18th century by returning Confucian scholars from China, but they saw it more as an academic interest. It was the direct arrival of French and Chinese Catholic missionaries in the early 19th century that set off the first round of missionizing.
How did Christianity come to North Korea?
Christian communities already existed in Joseon, however it was only by the 1880s that the government allowed a large number of Western missionaries to enter the country. Protestant missionaries set up schools, hospitals and publishing agencies. The king of Korea and his family tacitly supported Christianity.
How did Christianity spread in Korea?
One of the most important factors leading to widespread acceptance of Christianity in Korea was the identification that many Christians forged with the cause of Korean nationalism during the Japanese occupation (1910–1945). During this period, Japan undertook a systematic campaign of cultural assimilation.
Why is North Korea persecuting Christians?
The government considers religious activities political crimes, because they could challenge the personality cult and the semi-deification of Kim Il-sung and his family. The Workers Party of Korea also considers religion a “tool” of American Imperialism and the state uses this argument to justify its activities.