Is Tertullian a father of the church?
Tertullian has been called “the father of Latin Christianity” and “the founder of Western theology”. Tertullian originated new theological concepts and advanced the development of early Church doctrine. He is perhaps most famous for being the first writer in Latin known to use the term trinity (Latin: trinitas).
Who is the first apostolic father of the church?
Clement of Rome
He was said to have been consecrated by Peter the Apostle, and he is known to have been a leading member of the church in Rome in the late 1st century. The First Epistle of Clement ( c.
Is the Catholic Church the original church?
The Catholic Church is the oldest institution in the western world. It can trace its history back almost 2000 years. … Catholics believe that the Pope, based in Rome, is the successor to Saint Peter whom Christ appointed as the first head of His church.
Why did Tertullian leave the church?
Sometime before 210 Tertullian left the orthodox church to join a new prophetic sectarian movement known as Montanism (founded by the 2nd-century Phrygian prophet Montanus), which had spread from Asia Minor to Africa.
Who came up with the doctrine of the Trinity?
The first defense of the doctrine of the Trinity was in the early 3rd century by the early church father Tertullian. He explicitly defined the Trinity as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit and defended his theology against “Praxeas”, though he noted that the majority of the believers in his day found issue with his doctrine.
Who is Origen and why is he important?
Origen, Latin in full Oregenes Adamantius, (born c. 185, probably Alexandria, Egypt—died c. 254, Tyre, Phoenicia [now Ṣūr, Lebanon]), the most important theologian and biblical scholar of the early Greek church. His greatest work is the Hexapla, which is a synopsis of six versions of the Old Testament.