In the Catholic Church, authority rests chiefly with the bishops, while priests and deacons serve as their assistants, co-workers or helpers. Accordingly, “hierarchy of the Catholic Church” is also used to refer to the bishops alone.
Who is above the Pope?
Cardinal. Cardinals are leading bishops and members of the College of Cardinals. Their biggest duty is participating in the Papal Conclave, that is, voting for the new Pope. Most have additional duties including missions within the Roman Curia, governmental body of the Holy See.
Source and criteria. The Catholic Church teaches that Jesus Christ is the source of divine revelation. The Catholic Church bases all of its teachings on sacred tradition and sacred scripture.
Who is the head of the Catholic Church in the US?
The Catholic Church in the United States or the American Catholic Church is composed of ecclesiastical communities in full communion with the Holy See.
|Catholic Church in the United States|
|Governance||United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (Latin Church)|
|USCCB President||José Horacio Gómez|
What came first Christianity or Catholicism?
By its own reading of history, Roman Catholicism originated with the very beginnings of Christianity. An essential component of the definition of any one of the other branches of Christendom, moreover, is its relation to Roman Catholicism: How did Eastern Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism come into schism?