The Catholic Church teaches that there are three sources of authority:
- magisterium – the teaching authority of the Catholic Church formed of the Pope and Bishops of the Church.
- scripture – the Bible which is classed as the Word of God, including the teachings of Christ.
Who is above the Pope?
Cardinal. Cardinals are leading bishops and members of the College of Cardinals. Their biggest duty is participating in the Papal Conclave, that is, voting for the new Pope. Most have additional duties including missions within the Roman Curia, governmental body of the Holy See.
What came first Christianity or Catholicism?
By its own reading of history, Roman Catholicism originated with the very beginnings of Christianity. An essential component of the definition of any one of the other branches of Christendom, moreover, is its relation to Roman Catholicism: How did Eastern Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism come into schism?
Was the Catholic Church the first church?
The Catholic Church is the oldest institution in the western world. It can trace its history back almost 2000 years.
Is a cardinal higher than an archbishop?
In the Catholic Church, archbishops and bishops rank below cardinals. Becoming a bishop is the third and fullest level of the Sacrament of Holy Orders. … A bishop oversees a diocese, which is a collection of local parishes; and an archbishop administers an archdiocese, which is just a really large diocese.