How did the church react to the Enlightenment?
The Enlightenment quest to promote reason as the basis for legitimacy and progress found little to praise in the Church. While the philosophes appreciated the value of religion in promoting moral and social order, the Church itself was condemned for its power and influence.
How did the Enlightenment challenge religious beliefs?
Enlightenment thinkers sought to curtail the political power of organized religion, and thereby prevent another age of intolerant religious war. A number of novel ideas developed, including Deism (belief in God the Creator, with no reference to the Bible or any other source) and atheism.
Did the church oppose the Enlightenment?
For centuries, the Catholic Church had characterized human beings as naturally sinful and in need of forgiveness through religion. Enlightenment philosophy was in direct opposition to this because of their positive emphasis on the importance of the individual.
What is the Enlightenment in the Catholic Church?
As an ecclesiastical reform movement, the Catholic Enlightenment was an apologetic endeavor that was designed to defend the essential dogmas of Catholic Christianity by explaining their rationality in modern terminology and by reconciling Catholicism with modern culture, for example, by the acceptance of new theories …
Why might institution of authority tend to reject new ideas? The Institution of authority tends to reject new ideas because, they are afraid that once a new idea gets put into place they will loose their power. Also, people tend not to like change.
How did the church react to the scientific revolution and Enlightenment?
The Church tested new theories to prove or disprove them. The Church embraced new discoveries as signs from God. The Church persecuted scientists who challenged religious teachings. The Catholic Church believed these new discoveries would lead to people converting to different religious institutions.
Did the church support the scientific revolution?
In ancient times, the Church supported medical research as an aid to Christian charity. The Church supported the development of modern science and scientific research by founding some of Europe’s first universities in the Middle Ages.
How did the scientific revolution challenge the Church?
The Scientific Revolution challenged the Catholic Church and introduced people to new ways of thinking. It was based on the idea of a universe that could be explained and understood through reason. The scientific method was created as a uniform way to seek answers to questions.